Tooth Extraction Procedure and How to Recover
Tooth extraction s the complete removal of a tooth from its socket by the root. It can be a daunting and somewhat painful procedure, according to many people. But did you know that a tooth extraction procedure is just like a normal dental procedure?
Many people are afraid of the procedure, worrying that it will be excessively painful, but take it from us. It’s just like any other dental treatment.
Your dentist will first have to numb the area so you remain comfortable and relaxed through the procedure. The treatment can still be unpleasant, but it’s a sure way to relieve dental pain on the affected tooth.
Reasons for a Tooth Extraction
Tooth fillings and crowns can quickly repair broken and damaged teeth caused by tooth decay. However, a tooth extraction procedure will be necessary if the extent of damage is unsalvageable, having eaten through a substantial part of the tooth pulp.
Below are reasons why a tooth extraction might be necessary.
- Deep tooth decay or infection
- Severe trauma or injury
- If there is not enough room in your mouth to accommodate all teeth
- If a child’s baby teeth do fall out in time to allow the development of permanent teeth
- In orthodontic treatment where a dentist creates room for other teeth to shift into position
- Extraction of impacted wisdom teeth that erupt abnormally
Additionally, people under chemotherapy treatment or who need an organ transplant may have a compromised tooth extracted to guarantee a healthy mouth.
Visible teeth removal is a simple extraction that your dentist performs in the office. Extraction involving a broken tooth or one below the surface needs a professional surgeon to complete the procedure.
Preparation before The Procedure
Before tooth removal, the dentist has to review your medical and dental history thoroughly. They then take the appropriate x-rays to reveal the length, shape, and exact spot of the ailing tooth in the surrounding jaw bone. Using this information, the dentist decides the best way to extract the tooth or whether they will refer you to an oral surgeon.
For a simple extraction, the dentist numbs the extraction area using a local anesthetic. However, for a surgical extraction in Potomac Crown Dentistry, Intravenous (IV) anesthesia is used. It ranges from conscious sedation to anesthesia that puts you to sleep (general anesthesia).
In the case of general anesthesia, you need to arrange for someone to drive you home and stay close until the effects of sedation fade.
Simple Tooth Extraction
You will schedule the extraction with your dentist at the dental office near you. The dentist administers local anesthesia to numb the area, killing the pain receptors, although you will be awake during the procedure.
If your child receives a tooth removal or several teeth removal, the dentist will use general anesthesia, so the child is asleep throughout the procedure.
For a simple extraction, your dentistry uses an elevator, a device that grabs the tooth helping your dentist rock it back and forth to loosen it. Afterward, he used a pair of dental forceps to remove the loosened tooth.
Surgical Tooth Extraction
This is necessary if you are having a molar or impacted tooth removal. In this case, your dentist makes a surgical incision in the gum, exposing the root and surrounding bone tissue. They then use dental forceps to rock the tooth until it loosens and breaks out from the bone.
If extracting the tooth is difficult, your dentist has to gradually remove some parts of the tooth until the tooth breaks away. Do not worry though, the procedure is generally painless, and you will be asleep throughout the process, thanks to general anesthesia.
After tooth removal, a blood clot forms in the socket. Your dentist recommends pressing a gauze pad on the socket to minimize the bleeding. A few stitches may be necessary in some cases.
After the extraction, you might feel some discomfort, pain, and inflammation. You could also notice some swelling on the face.
Painkillers from your doctor will help with the pain, as well as some over-the-counter medications.
If the discomfort does not go away in two to three days after the extraction, you might need to call your dentist. If it suddenly worsens days later, immediately call your dentist to contain the infection.